Friday, July 31, 2009

CARR Heraldry

Carr (Ó Carra)

This is both an English and Scottish surname, the origin of which comes from the Middle English Kerr or the Old Norse Kjarr, meaning brushwood or wet ground, and so the name was established as that of a dweller by the marsh. The name is well recorded from the 12th Century. In Scotland it is as variant of Kerr and was used by the border chiefs as far back as 1547, when they styled themselves as Car. In Ireland most of the name are of Scottish origin as a synonym of Kerr, one of the 50 most numerous names in Scotland and arriving in Ulster with the 17th Century plantations. Others will be an anglicized form of the Gaelic Ó Carra, meaning descendant of Carra and ultimately meaning spear.

Places of Origin: England, Ireland, Scotland

Noted of the Name: John Dickson Carr (1905-1977) American Novelist; Joe Carr, Irish International Golfer; Nigel Carr, Irish Rugby International; Stephen Carr, Irish Soccer International; Darleen Carr (b. 1950-) American Actress; Charmian Carr, American Actress, “The Sound of Music.”

Variants: Karr, Ker(r)

Population: = USA 205th, 126837, England & Wales 149th, 41247.

Name Meaning: Dweller by the marsh or Spear.

Reference:

Heraldry-Names Manufacturers Ltd.

Ballina, Co. Mayo, Ireland

Tuesday, July 28, 2009

The Elusive Soldier: The Account of Asher Crockett, American Revolutionary War Veteran

The :en:Battle of Cowpens, painted by :en:Will...Image via Wikipedia


A Historical Account of Asher Crockett alias James Anderson

by Teresa Carr

I had received e-mail from a fellow genealogist a couple of years ago trying to fit an elaborate mystery puzzle of our common ancestor, Asher Crockett. To view the e-mail I received regarding the inquiry, The Crockett Letters. There have been quite some unusual turns in a wild goose hunt for this elusive soldier of fortune. I guess we can start from the beginning. Asher Crockett was born in September 1760 in Hampshire Co., Virginia, and now part of West Virginia. It’s been a mystery of who Asher’s parents are, and if there are any siblings. I’ve researched Hampshire and all surrounding counties with no luck. There were two Crocketts in the Hampshire Co., VA Tax List. One being an Anthony Crocket. There were also three Anderson men listed. It’s been determined that Asher Crockett is his real name and James Anderson was used as a substitute. In 1775, he ran away from Hampshire Co., Virginia to enter the Continental Army under General George Washington and other officers of that day as a camp boy and waiter. The reason he gave on his pension record for leaving Hampshire Co., Virginia was that he ran away from a cruel master who was to use him as an apprentice to learn this trade he refused to do.

After his service with the army he returned to Hampshire Co., Virginia in 1778 only to find out that the master was looking for him to reclaim him back. In order to escape this fate, Asher ran off again to join the army only he took the name of another man, James Anderson, who had been drafted and didn’t want to enlist. He made this statement in his pension record why he went by an alias and served in the place of James Anderson. Asher, now known as James Anderson served until the duration of the American Revolution and was at the last battle of Yorktown and witnessed the surrender of Cornwallis to General George Washington. Asher also saw the battles of Cowpens, Guilford Courthouse, Hanging Rock, Camden, Powhatan Courthouse and Yorktown. Asher Crocket’s name appeared on the monument at Cowpens battlefield along with the names of other minorities. Interesting that Asher was among the minorities at Cowpens. This was a diverse group of individuals met on the field of battle on a bitterly cold Wednesday morning, January 17, 1781. Of the two thousand men who fought this battle the National Park Service can document fifteen black males who fought with the Americans. In addition there is one famous black male who the NPS cannot document Ball/Collins/Collin, Washington’s waiter, depicted in William Ranney’s painting, “The Battle of Cowpens.” The known minorities at Cowpens were James Anderson (or, Asher Crockett), Julius Cesar, Lemerick Farr, Andrew Ferguson, Fortune Freeman, Gideon Griffen, Morgan Griffen, Drury Harris, Edward Harris, Allen Jeffers, Berry Jeffers, Osborne Jeffers, Andrew Peeleg, Dick Pickens, and Record Primes (or, Primus Record). The question arises if Asher was of mixed race, he was a servant or the man he replaced was a minority in the case of mistaken identity. I obtained a copy of his military record and pension and it doesn’t give any information about him being of mixed race although he claimed to be white in the census records. During his service in the American Revolution Asher came down with smallpox at Hillsborough, North Carolina. His unit left him behind when they departed. After his recovery, he returned to fight at Hanging Rock, South Carolina. In his pension record, he stated that he was on the field at Camden and was a witness to the mortal wounding of Baron de Kalb. He ws at the battle of Guilford Courthouse. He stayed behind at Guilford with the sick and then joined General Lafayette and was present at Cornwallis’ surrender at Yorktown, Virginia. After Yorktown, he marched with the baggage to Winchester, Virginia. Under Captain Fitzpatrick, he guarded the magazine and public stores at Powhatan Courthouse.

After the war ended, he was under the command of General Clark in Kentucky; Asher Crockett married Sarah Blankenship from Giles Co., Virginia in September 11, 1800, at Christiansburg, (Montgomery Co., VA Marriage Records) preformed by Rev. Alexander Ross. Sarah Blankenship was the daughter of Peter and Jemima (Perdue) Blankenship. Sarah died on September 9, 1862 in Wayne Co., VA. Between 1800 and 1804, Asher and Sarah settled in Cabell Co., VA. They originally lived in Ona and then moved to Miller’s Fork. Asher received bounty land in what was originally in Kanawha County, and later became Cabell and then eventually Wayne County, VA. This land was presumed to be on the Miller’s Fork of Beech Fork of 12 Pole. He filed for a pension on November 26, 1832. He was listed as white in the 1840 Cabell Co., VA census. Asher died on January 16, 1846 in Wayne Co., VA. Asher’s sons were Peter and Andrew Johnson Crockett. Asher’s daughters were Mary, born 1808 married William Miller; Charlotte Miller, wife of Edward Miller; and Elizabeth Kelley, born 1801, wife of Joseph Kelley. Peter Crockett married Nancy Spurlock, daughter of Matthew and Juda Garrett Spurlock, on Feb. 18, 1828 in Cabell Co., VA. Peter and Nancy moved west to the Shawnee Indian Territory in Kansas. Andrew married Eliza Blankenship, daughter of Jesse Blankenship and Margaret Stafford, on September 27, 1834, Louisa, Lawrence Co., KY. Andrew died 1907 and is buried in the Crockett Family gravesite in Joe Fry Cemetery, Miller’s Fork, Wayne Co., WV.

The children of Peter and Nancy (Spurlock) Crockett were:

1. Stephen Marshall Crockett, married Matilda Caroline Hurst

The children of Andrew and Eliza (Blankenship) Crockett were:

1. Amanda Crockett, born July 15, 1832, married Jacob Sullivan

2. John Wesley Crockett, born August 1836, married Polly Stafford

3. Margaret Crockett, born August 28, 1840

4. James A. Crockett, born 1845

5. Sylvester Brooks Crockett, born 1849

6. Talitha Cuma Crockett, born Feb. 9, 1854

7. Safrona Crockett, born 1852

John Wesley Crockett a native of Wayne Co., VA served in the 16th VA CSA Ferguson’s Battalion of the Virginia Cavalry during the Civil War. He was probably a Methodist because of his middle name. He married Mary “Polly” Stafford, born Nov. 1843, daughter of James and Hulda Blankenship Stafford, died March 25, 1903. Polly Stafford is a descendent of the John Stafford from Staffordshire, England of the royal family of Stafford, Henry Stafford the 1st Baron and Ralph de Stafford the 2nd Baron and 1st Earl of Stafford who built Stafford Castle. Henry Stafford was the son of Edward Stafford the 3rd Duke of Buckingham who was judicially murdered by King Henry VIII in 1521. (See, Stafford Family Chart)

The children of John Wesley and Polly (Stafford) Crockett were:

1. Tennessee Crockett

2. Nancy Crockett, born March 20, 1860 married James Bonds

3. Margaret Crockett, born 1863

4. Eliza J. Crockett, born May 1872, married Samuel L. Blankenship son of Levi & Polly Williams Blankenship, March 10, 1892. Eliza died May 1923.

5. Andrew Crockett, born 1873

6. James Crockett, born Nov. 1867, East Lynn, WV

7. George Crockett, born Feb. 27, 1880 married Katie Dunn

The children of Samuel Lee and Eliza (Crockett) Blankenship were:

1. Levi Blankenship married Carrie Wilson

2. Samuel Blankenship, died at age 2

3. Hardrick Blankenship

4. Mollie P. Blankenship, born June 30, 1901 married Jubal S. Hall, died January 15, 1995, age 93 buried at Spring Hill Cemetery, Charleston, WV

5. Minnie Blankenship Runnion, born 1903, married William Chrisel

REF:

§ South Carolina Department of Archives and History (803) 896-6100.

§ West Virginia Department of Archives and History, Charleston, WV (304) 558-0230 ext. 168.

§ Moss, Bobby G. The Patriots at the Cowpens, Revised Edition, Blacksburg, SC: Scotia Press, 1994.

§ Gallagher, Glen. The 16th Virginia Cavalry, Wayne County, West Virginia.

§ French, J.P. Collup and Armstrong, Zella. Notable Southern Families: The Crockett Family and Connecting Lines, Vol. V, The King Printing Co., Bristol, TN

§ McDuffee, Alice Louise. Daughters of the American Revolution Lineage Book, Vol. XCII, 91001-92000, 1912: Washington, D.C. 1927. pp. 98-99, 91303.

§ Cabell County Annals and Families, pg. 72.

§ John Stafford Family.
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Monday, July 27, 2009

The Crockett Letters

Battle of Cowpens Reenactment, 225th anniversa...Image via Wikipedia

The Crockett Letters

From the desk of Teresa Carr

This letter has been edited and updating for accurate recording.

Asher Crockett(1).

Subj: My Revolutionary CROCKETT
Date: 2/21/2000 9:20:34 AM Pacific Standard Time
From: GeneaBug@prodigy.net (Lynda Davis-Logan)
To: WVA-L@rootsweb.com (WVA List), WVWAYNE-L@rootsweb.com, WVKANAWH-L@rootsweb.com (WVKANAWHA List), WVHAMPSH-L@rootsweb.com (WVHAMPSHIRE), Blankenship-L@rootsweb.com (BLANKENSHIP-L), Crockett-L@rootsweb.com (CROCKETT List), LONGHUNTERS-L@rootsweb.com, Melungeon-L@rootsweb.com, WCGHS@citynet.net (Wayne County Genalogical Society), mailto:wisewarrior@rocketmail.com (Teresa Carr).
E-mail me if you have any questions or comments.

Dear List Members,

Some of you may have seen our queries before but we have just obtained new information that may or may not have any bearing on our search.

We are the CROCKETTs that are researching 'James ASHER CROCKETT'. Asher served in the Revolution for two terms. He states in his pension application that he was born in Hampshire County VA in 1760. When he was about 16 years old he ran away from his cruel master and enlisted in the
army.

Instead of writing all of this again will quote from various sources:

To: va-roots@leo.vsla.edu
Subject: RE: CROCKETT ties in Hampshire Co, VA
From: wisewarrior@rocketmail.com *new address at this time*
Date: Mon, 7 Oct 1996 00:47:59 -0400

"Does Asher CROCKETT have connections in Hampshire Co, VA where he was born?
Who were his parents ANDERSON or CROCKETT?

He had an alias name, why did he use the name Asher CROCKETT or James ANDERSON?

His parents were possibly dead at that time before the revolution, said he was bound by his master in his declaration for rev. pension when he left western VA to join the army. Some of this info was obtain from a bible record.

Jas. Anderson alias Asher CROCKETT, file #2533 VA (12-762), Pvt. army, VA
Troop Regiment under Capt. Fitzpatrick, VA Line under Colonel Hite command.
Pension granted to Sarah BLANKENSHIP CROCKETT wife married Sept 8, 1800 VA.
Served 3 years. Discharged 1781 rank Pvt. dated Jan. 1, 1836 pension, born Sept 1760 left Hampshire Co, VA in 1784.

In 1776 left western VA went to Penn. and NJ joined Washington's army served 1st term as camp boy. Ca. 1778 returned to Hampshire Co, VA learns of former master getting him back he returned to the army again until he was
discharged in 1781.

Some children were mentioned on pension application Andrew Johnson CROCKETT, Sylvester (actually son of Andrew J.) CROCKETT, Nancy, others. (Note: Asher and Sarah had five children: Peter m. Nancy Garrett - they moved west to Shawnee Territory in Kansas; Mary possibly m. a MILLER in KY; Charlotte m. Edward MILLER; Elizabeth m. Joseph KELLEY; and Andrew Johnson m. Eliza Blankenship.)

John Wesley CROCKETT s/o Andrew Johnson CROCKETT,
b. Aug. 1830 m. Mary “Polly” STAFFORD. John served in the Union army during the Civil War from Wayne Co. VA (WV). He had a brother I think James in the Confederate army.

Children of John Wesley CROCKETT & Polly STAFFORD
-------Tennessee CROCKETT b. WV
-------Nancy CROCKETT b. ca. 1860, WV m. James K. BONDS, Mar 7, 1880
-------James CROCKETT b. WV, m. Cynthia ASBURY, Jan 10, 1888
-------Eliza J. CROCKETT b. May 1872 m. Samuel L. BLANKENSHIP (b. Oct 1826,
Franklin Co, VA s/o Levi BLANKENSHIP & Polly WILLIAMS), Mar 10, 1892 d.
1939
-------Margaret CROCKETT b. WV, m. W.H. "Bill" WALKER, June 7, 1881
-------Andrew CROCKETT b. WV m. Louise_______
-------George CROCKETT b. WV m. Katie DUNN, d. 1956, cancer

Does anyone have any connections with this CROCKETT line? In the meantime, thanks for all your replies.

Regards, Teresa Carr"
---------------------------------------------------------------------- ----------------------------------------------------------------------------------------------

***NEW INFORMATION:

"This is Google's cache of Patriot Minorities of the Battle of Cowpens, Battle of Cowpens National Park, South Carolina. http://www.nps.gov/cowp/minority.htm.
It was retrieved on Tue, 16 Nov 1999 08:25:07 GMT.
Google's cache is the snapshot that we took of a page as we crawled the web. More about Google's cache. Google is not affiliated with the authors of cached pages or their content.
Due to its cached nature, this is likely not to be the most recent version of the page.
---------------------------------------------------------------------- -------------------------------------------------------------------

Patriot Minorities at the Battle of Cowpens

How many minorities were at the Battle of Cowpens?

A diverse group of individuals met on the field of battle on a bitterly cold Wednesday morning, January 17, 1781. Of the more than two thousand men who fought this battle, the National Park Service can document fifteen black males who fought with the Americans. In addition, there is one famous black male who the NPS cannot document.

Who were the known minorities in the Battle of Cowpens?

The names of minorities that the National Park Service can document at the Battle of Cowpens are as follows: James Anderson (or Asher Crockett), Julius Cesar, Lemerick Farr, Andrew Ferguson, Fortune Freeman, Gideon Griffen, Morgan Griffen, Drury Harris, Edward Harris, Allen Jeffers, Berry Jeffers, Osborne Jeffers, Andrew Peeleg, Dick Pickens, and Record Primes (or Primus Record.)

Is any additional information available on these people?

There is not a lot of additional information available on most of the minorities. However, the information available is interesting.

James Anderson or Asher Crockett ran away from his master in 1776 and joined General Washington's army, remaining with it for two years as a camp boy and waiter. He then returned to Hampshire County, Virginia, where his old master attempted to reclaim him. In order to avoid that fate, he rejoined the army as a substitute for someone who had been drafted. At Hillsborough, North Carolina, he came down with smallpox. His unit left him behind when the departed. After his recovery, he returned to fight at Hanging Rock, South Carolina. In his pension record, he stated that he was on the field at Camden and was a witness to the mortal wounding of Baron de Kalb. He was in the battles of both Cowpens and Guilford Courthouse. He stayed behind at Guilford with the sick and then joined General Lafayette and was present at Cornwallis' surrender at Yorktown, Virginia. After Yorktown, he marched with the baggage to Winchester, Virginia. Under Captain Fitzpatrick, he guarded the magazine and public stores at Powhatan Courthouse. After the war ended, he was under the command of General Clark in Kentucky. Anderson (or Crockett) married Sarah Blankenship the daughter of Peter and Jemima Perdue Blankenship from Giles County, Virginia on September 11, 1800. He filed for a pension on November 26, 1832.

http://www.nps.gov/cowp/minority.htm; Last Updated: 7/24/99 12:09PM; HTML donated by volunteer: John Robertson"

My question now is: does anyone on this list have any information on a CROCKETT family that would have been living in Hampshire County in 1760 through 1776 that might have had slaves?

Was ASHER CROCKETT a slave? We have always just assumed (for the last 25 yrs.) that he was bound out to learn a trade or that he was an orphan.

Since finding this latest information about the 'Battle of Cowpens' I'm beginning to wonder if this is why he has been such a 'BRICKWALL'.

Was he a slave, a free person of color, mulatto, or Melungeon?

If anyone out there has any information that could be of help to us or any ideas of where to search next OR if this is your family - would love to hear from you.

L.D.L.


REF:

Battle of Cowpens National Park. South Carolina.

RootsWeb Genealogy Freepages

Goggle Search Engine

Ask Search Engine

West Virginia State Archives and History, Capitol Complex, Cultural and History Building, Charleston, West Virginia.

Compiled by Teresa Carr.


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